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    Les stations fantômes

    Carl Fiset

    Nombre de messages : 14164
    Age : 47
    Date d'inscription : 11/09/2006

    proutporut Les stations fantômes

    Message par Carl Fiset le Dim 1 Oct - 23:10

    Un texte de la Canadian Communication Foundation explique bien le fonctionnement d'une station fantôme, phénomène exclusif aux premières années de la radiodiffusion au Canada. CKCI Le Soleil qui fut d'abord une station indépendante et avec l'apparition de CHRC devint une station fantôme, ainsi que CNRQ qui se servait de l'antenne de CKCV, en sont des exemples pour ce qui est de la Ville de Québec. À Montréal, CHYC avait le même rôle avec CKAC.

    The Phantom Stations

    A "Phantom Radio Station" was one which did not own or operate a radio transmitter and was licensed to broadcast only over an existing physical station. The phantom's licensee's assigned station call was used only during the period of time where the facilities of the physical station were leased.

    The physical station ostensibly "signed off" and the call letters of the phantom station were announced and possibly used throughout the period. At the conclusion of the leased time, the phantom "signed off" and the physical station "signed on" again.

    The one entity that used phantom stations extensively was the Canadian National Railway which provided live Canadian programs over its intercity telegraph lines, and also did some live local programming. The CNR owned only three stations - CNRA Moncton, CNRO Ottawa and CNRV Vancouver.

    The Hamilton Spectator (newspaper) station CHCS started with a 10 watt transmitter in 1926, but discarded it in 1930 for leased time on CKOC. The Canadian Pacific Railway held one phantom license in Toronto (CPRY) and used the facilities of CKGW.

    The following is a list of some of the licensed phantom stations and the physical stations they used:
    CNRC Calgary CFAC CHCA Calgary CJCJ
    CNRE Edmonton CJCA CHCT Red Deer CKLC
    CNRW Winnipeg CKY CHLS Vancouver CKCD
    CNRT Toronto CFCA CJSC Toronto CKCL
    CNRM Montreal CKAC CHNC Toronto CKNC
    CNRQ Quebec CKCV CJBR Regina CKCK
    CNRR Regina CKCK CHCS Hamilton CKOC
    CNRS Saskatoon CFQC CKCI Quebec CHRC
    CNRD Red Deer CKLC CHYC Montreal CKAC
    CNRL London CJGC CJYC Scarborough CFCA
    CNRH Halifax CHNS CFRC Regina CHWC
    CNRX Toronto CFRB CPRY Toronto CKGW

    During these early years, "physical" stations were usually only operating a few hours each day, and were happy to have the additional hours of programming so that prospective listeners would be encouraged to buy receivers.

    The Phantom stations disappeared in the early 1930s. Of the physical stations listed, the following ceased operations: CFCA Toronto, CKLC Red Deer, CJGC London, CKCD Vancouver and CHWC Regina.

    CKY Winnipeg was sold by Manitoba Government Telephones to the CBC to become CBW. (Lloyd Moffat picked up the discarded CKY call sign when he launched a new station in Winnipeg in 1949). CJCJ Calgary was sold and became CKXL. Jack Kent Cooke bought CKCL Toronto and switched the call sign to CKEY. CKNC and CKGW, both in Toronto, were bought by the CBC. CKNC became CRCY, then CBY and finally CJBC. CKGW's call sign was replaced by CRCT and then CBL.

    J. Lyman Potts - December, 1997

      La date/heure actuelle est Mer 17 Jan - 10:50