A brief history of North America's oldest
Compiled by the QCT staff
The Quebec Chronicle-Telegraph has enjoyed a very long and most distinguished
history in Quebec City. This newspaper is a descendant of several newspapers
published during the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries in Quebec. The first, The
Quebec Gazette, was founded on June 21, 1764. From that year to 1842, the
newspaper published both French and English editions. It started as a weekly,
but in May, 1832, it began appearing in English on Monday, Wednesday and Friday,
and in French on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
Founded by William Brown, the Quebec Gazette had 150 subscribers in 1764.
It encountered a number of problems during the first years of publication,
and ceased printing during the siege of Quebec in November 1775.
When William Brown died in 1789, the newspaper remained in his family, being
taken over by two of his nephews, John and Samuel Neilson.
John Neilson published the Quebec Gazette until February 1848, then was replaced
for a year by Roland Macdonald. Robert Middleton succeeded Macdonald and remained
with the paper until 1873. In 1873 the Quebec Gazette joined with the Morning
Chronicle to become the Quebec Chronicle and Quebec Gazette.
The Morning Chronicle, founded in 1847 by Robert Middleton and Charles St.
Michel, also saw many changes, especially in its content. Upon Middleton's
death in 1873, J.J. Foote, who had become publisher of the paper in 1863,
ended the competition between the Quebec Gazette and the Morning Chronicle
by combining the two.This photo montage clearly shows where the
Quebec Chronicle-Telegraph offices were located,
at 27 Buade Street. Though the Chronicle-Telegraph
sign is hidden beneath an awning on du Tresor Street,
some say if you pass there, when the wind is right,
you can still smell the ink!
Two years after the amalgamation, the Quebec Daily Telegraph
was founded by James Carrel on November 9, 1875. Contrary to the Quebec Chronicle
and the Quebec Gazette which was a Conservative newspaper, the Daily Telegraph
defended popular opinion and published as a Liberal newspaper.
The competition between these two newspapers was disastrous. On July 2, 1925,
the two joined under the name of the Chronicle-Telegraph (it became the Quebec
Chronicle-Telegraph in 1934. The new paper was controlled by William Price
and James Carrel (William Price had purchased the Morning Chronicle in 1922).
The offices of the newspaper were located on Buade Street.
In September 1959, the business moved to St-Malo Industrial Centre and a new
proprietor, The Thomson Company, took control.
In 1972 the newspaper, which had been a daily for a long time, became a weekly.
The Thomson Company then sold the newspaper to publisher Herb Murphy.
On December 16, 1979, a group composed of lawyers David Cannon, Jean Lemelin
and Ross Rourke, along with broadcaster Bob Dawson, saved the paper from a
certain demise. A few years later, David Cannon acquired sole ownership of
the paper, and then, on January 1, 1993, it was bought by Karen Macdonald
and Francois Vezina.
The current Publisher is Pierre Little, a New Brunswick native, he took over
officially from the former publishers on August 1, 2007. Please see the press
for more details.
With each change in ownership, the paper found itself in new offices: from
its humble beginning on St. Louis Street to the grand office on the corner
of Buade and du Tresor in the 1920s, and a big move to the St-Malo industrial
park in 1959. The Chronicle-Telegraph was also published out of the Wax Museum,
suburban Sainte-Foy and is now located in the medical clinic building at the
Jeffery Hale Hospital.
The Quebec Chronicle-Telegraph is still a weekly. It is published every Wednesday
and has a circulation of 1,800. In 2005 it celebrated its 241st anniversary.
Information about QCT archives can be found here